Labour & Employment Law Blog

Out of Time, Out of Luck

Zeilikman Law

Zeilikman Law

Case Summary

This dispute arose out of a loan agreement between Cross Bridges Inc. and Z-Teca Foods Inc. Cross Bridges lent money to Z-Teca, who was required to repay the full loan within 60 days of demand. Cross Bridges demanded repayment on October 21, 2009, Z-Teca made a series of payments. On January 10, 2011, Cross Bridges deposited a cheque from Z-Teca which did not clear due to insufficient funds. Cross bridges issued its statement of claim on January 17, 2013. On summary judgment, the motions judge held that the limitation period started to run on January 10, 2011, when the cheque was presented to the bank for payment. As a result, the claim was statute barred under the Limitations Act which sets out a 2-year time limit to initiate proceedings following the plaintiff’s discovery of the material facts substantiating a legal claim. The plaintiff’s appealed this decision on two grounds:

  1. that the motions judged erred in finding that the limitation period ran from the date of the presentation of the cheque rather than the date it bounced;
  2. that the limitation defence is unavailable to the defendant because they admitted to the indebtedness during their cross-examination.

The Appeal was dismissed.


With respect to the first ground of appeal, the Court of Appeal found that the limitation period began to run 60 days after demand under the loan agreement, which was made on October 21, 2009. Therefore, the limitation period began to run on December 20, 2009. While acknowledgement extends the limitation period, the Court of Appeal found that it was the presentation of the cheque which could be properly characterized as acknowledgement rather than the date it was bounced.

With respect to the second ground of appeal, the Court of Appeal found the defendant’s admissions during cross-examination to be qualified and subject to the limitation period defence. Further, the Court of Appeal found that acknowledgement happened after the expiry of the limitation period, which renders it irrelevant to the extension of the limitation period in any event.


What’s the moral of this story? Don’t sit on your rights. Limitations are strictly enforced by Ontario courts and two years isn’t a very long time. If you think you may have a claim, it’s always best to consult a lawyer as soon as possible to determine your rights.

The above article is for general information purposes only, does not constitute legal advice or create a solicitor-client relationship. Because each case is unique and factually driven, if you have concerns with regard to the foregoing issues, please make an appointment with one of our lawyers or a qualified legal practitioner elsewhere. We represent clients in the Greater Toronto Area including Toronto, North York, Markham, Vaughan, Thornhill, Newmarket, Aurora, Brampton, Mississauga, Barrie, Ajax, Whitby, Pickering and Oshawa.

Legal Receptionist

Zeilikman Law is an employment law firm located in Vaughan, Ontario. We are looking to hire a legal receptionist to join our firm. Preference will be given to candidates who have experience working as a receptionist at another law firm.

Location: Vaughan, Ontario.

Start Date: Immediately.

Hours: Monday to Friday, 9 am to 5 pm. Full time. In-person only. This is not a remote work position.

Wages: 35,000 to 40,000 per year.

Duties and Responsibilities:

  • Manage our firm’s multi-line telephone system to receive incoming calls.  Screen incoming telephone call inquiries to determine the nature of the telephone call and provide standard information related to our legal services.  Take and deliver messages and route incoming telephone calls to the appropriate staff person.
  • Answer general inquiries coming from the firm’s social media and website email.
  • Welcome in-person visitors upon arrival.  Direct visitors to the appropriate staff person and / or office or boardroom.
  • Organize in-person visitor schedule to prevent overlap and multiple bookings.
  • Receive, sort, and distribute daily mail and deliveries.
  • Arrange for couriers.
  • Keep front reception, kitchenette area and boardroom tidy.
  • Perform various clerical duties such as filing, photocopying, and faxing on an as-needed basis.
  • Process client or other payments.
  • May be asked to run minor errands outside of office such as attending post office to arrange a courier or pick up mail.
  • May be asked to assist other law clerks or lawyers of the firm as required and as appropriate.
  • Any other basic administrative duties or tasks as deemed appropriate.

Required Skills:

  • Basic knowledge of general office procedures including filing, faxing, and printing and copying.
  • Basic word processing computer skills.
  • Proficient in receptionist and telephone practices, etiquette, and decorum.
  • Professional attitude and appearance.
  • Excellent organizational skills.
  • Positive customer service attitude is a must.
  • Must be able to maintain confidential and sensitive information.

Education and Experience:

  • Highschool diploma or equivalent.
  • 1 – 2 years’ experience in an office setting with an emphasis in accounting, reception or clerical work is required.   We would prefer experience in a law firm environment.

Applications for this position should be sent via email to jennifer@zeilikmanlaw.com. All applications should include a cover letter, resume and at least two references. Only successful candidates will be contacted.