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In Canadian business law conspiracy refers to the collusion of two or more parties in depriving another party of their legal rights, or tricking them into committing an illegal act.

It is not uncommon when business partners or shareholders collude against other partners. When business relations go sour, people tend to take sides and, at times, commit inappropriate and even illegal acts in the furtherance of personal interests.

The wrongful act of conspiracy does not require that all of the conspirators be involved at all stages of the conspiracy, but rather all that is needed for a civil claim in conspiracy is an agreement to conspire.